Influence of previous work experience and education on Internet use of people in their 60s and 70s

Muzawir Arief, Sari Rissanen, Kaija Saranto

Abstract


Background: Internet use among the elderly is influenced by various demographic backgrounds, social life and health factors.

Objective: This study aims to identify the impact of several demographic features on 60- to 79-year-old individuals’ intention to use the Internet.

Method: Finland population data (N = 2508) from the 2012 IKIPOSA project was used with two cohorts: 60s group (n = 1515) and 70s group (n = 990). Descriptive statistic and two binomial logistic regressions have been used with the unadjusted effect and Forward LR method to measure each predictor’s contribution to the model. In addition, a preliminary analysis to measure the multicollinearity was performed.

Result: Of the 18 independent variables, only nine predictors, namely, age, education, financial situation, having children, entrepreneurship, a leadership position, a higher level white-collar worker and a lower level white-collar worker, were significant factors in predicting the Internet use. Meanwhile, gender, having grandchildren, living alone, marital status, house location and type, stay-at-home mother or father, blue-collar worker, agricultural entrepreneur and social relations satisfaction were not significant predictors. The most significant predictors were education and age, which contributed 19% and 10%, respectively, to the model. Other significant predictors, lower level white-collar worker, higher level white-collar worker and financial situation, had less impact with only around 6%.

Conclusion: Education and age were influential factors among elderly to use the Internet in their later life. Certain work experiences affect elderly people’s engagement with the Internet after retirement.


Keywords


Demographic factors, Digital lifestyle, Finland, Senior Citizen

Full Text:

PDF HTML

References


Bond J, Dittmann-Kohli F, Westerhof GJ and Peace S. Ageing into the future. Ageing and Society 2007;1–14. Available from: https://books.google.fi/books. doi: 10.4135/9781446278918.n14

United Nations; Department of Economic and Social Affairs; Population Division. World Population Ageing. New York, NY: United Nations Publication, ST/ESA/SER.A/348, 2013. [Online]. Available from: http://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/ageing/WorldPopulationAgeing2013.pdf.

Norris P. Digital Divide: Civic Engagement, Information Poverty, and the Internet Worldwide. Cambridge, UK: Cambridge University Press; 2001. Avaiable from: https://books.google.fi. doi: 10.1017/CBO9781139164887

Wagner N, Hassanein K and Head M. Computer use by older adults: a multi-disciplinary review. Computers in Human Behavior 2010;26(5):870–82. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2010.03.029.

Digital Agenda for Europe Scoreboard. Luxembourg, Office of European Union, 2012. Avaiable from: https://ec.europa.eu/digital-single-market/sites/digital-agenda/files/KKAH12001ENN-PDFWEB_1.pdf.

Official Statistics of Finland (OSF). Use of Information and Communications Technology by Individuals [e-publication]. Helsinki, Finland: Statistics, 2013. Available from: http://www.stat.fi/til/sutivi/2013/sutivi_2013_2013-11-07_tie_001_en.html. Accessed 13 September 2018.

Lai CKY, Arthur DG and Chau WWH. Implication of Internet growth on enhancing health of disadvantaged groups in China: a global perspective. Journal of Clinical Nursing 2004;13(6B):68–73. Avaiable from: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15724821. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2702.2004.01046.x. PMid:15724821.

Keränen NS, Kangas M, Immonen M, Similä H, Enwald H, Korpelainen R, et al. Use of information and communication technologies among older people with and without frailty: a population-based survey. Journal of Medical Internet Research 2017;19(2):e29. https://doi.org/10.2196/jmir.5507.

Selwyn N, Gorard S, Furlong J and Madden L. Older adults’ use of information and communications technology in everyday life. Ageing and Society 2003;23(5):561–82. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0144686X03001302.

Näsi M, Räsänen P and Sarpila O. ICT activity in later life: Internet use and leisure activities amongst senior citizens in Finland. European Journal of Ageing 2011;9(2):169–76. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10433-011-0210-8.

McCloskey DW. The importance of ease of use, usefulness, and trust to online consumers: an examination of the technology acceptance model with older consumers. Journal of Organizational and End User Computing 2006;18(3):5–6.

Cresci MK, Yarandi HN and Morrell RW. The digital divide and urban older adults. Computers, Informatics, Nursing 2010;28(2):88–94. https://doi.org/10.1097/NCN.0b013e3181cd8184.

Dutta-Bergman MJ. Access to the internet in the context of community participation and community satisfaction. New Media and Society 2005;7(1):89–109. https://doi.org/10.1177/1461444805049146.

Räsänen P and Kouvo A. LINKED OR DIVIDED BY THE WEB?: Internet use and sociability in four European countries. Information, Communication and Society 2007;10(2):219–41. https://doi.org/10.1080/13691180701307461.

Ramon-Jeronimo MA, Peral-Peral B and Arenas-Gaitan J. elderly persons and internet use. Social Science Computer Review 2013;31(4):389–03. https://doi.org/10.1177/0894439312473421.

Levine DM, Lipsitz SR and Linder JA. Trends in seniors’ use of digital health technology in the united states, 2011–2014. The Journal of the American Medical Association 2016;316(5):538–40. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2016.9124.

Leary MR and Kowalski RM. The self-presentation model of social phobia. In Heimberg RG, Liebowitz MR, Hope DA and Schneier FR (Eds.) Social phobia: Diagnosis, assessment, and treatment. New York, NY: Guilford Press; 1995, pp. 94–112. Avaiable from: https://books.google.fi/books.

Rosow I. Socialization to Old Age. University of California Press; 1974. Avaiable from: https://books.google.fi/books.

Timonen and Virpi. Ageing Societies: A Comparative Introduction. Buckingham, GBR: Open University Press, 2008. Web. 23 March 2016. Avaiable from: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/uef/docDetail.action?docID=10229814&ppg=1.

Matt Barnes, Annalies Blom KC and CL. The Social Exclusion of Older People: Evidence from the first wave of the English Longitudinal Study of Ageing (ELSA). London, Uk: Queen’s Printer and Controller of Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, 2006. Avaiable from: http://www.ifs.org.uk/docs/odpm_social_exclusion.pdf.

Shaw LH and Gant LM. In defense of the internet: the relationship between Internet communication and depression, loneliness, self-esteem, and perceived social support. CyberPsychology and Behavior 2002;5(2):157–71. https://doi.org/10.1089/109493102753770552.

Bradley N and Poppen W. Assistive technology, computers and Internet may decrease sense of isolation for homebound elderly and disabled persons. Technology and Disability 2003;15:19–25.

Hendrix CC. Computer use among elderly people. Computers in Nursing 2000;18(2):62–71. Avaiable from: http://ovidsp.uk.ovid.com.ezproxy.uef.fi:2048/sp-3.18.0b/ovidweb.cgi.

Saunders EJ. Maximizing computer use among the elderly in rural senior centers. Educational Gerontology 2004;30(7):573–85. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601270490466967.

Martinez CH, St Jean BL, Plauschinat CA, Rogers B, Beresford J, Martinez FJ, et al. Internet access and use by COPD patients in the National Emphysema/COPD Association Survey. BMC Pulmonary Medicine 2014;14:66. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2466-14-66.

Cotton SR, Anderson WA and Mccullough BM. The Impact of ICT Use on Loneliness and Contact with Others among Older Adults, ISARC. Proceedings of the International Symposium on Automation and Robotics in Construction, Vilnius Gediminas Technical University, Department of Construction Economics & Property, Vilnius, Lithuania, 29:1, 2012.

Koopman-Boyden PG and Reid SL. Internet/E-mail usage and well-being among 65–84 year olds in New Zealand: Policy Implications. Educational Gerontology 2009;35(11):990–07. https://doi.org/10.1080/03601270902917745.

Blažun H, Saranto K and Rissanen S. Impact of computer training courses on reduction of loneliness of older people in Finland and Slovenia. Computers in Human Behavior 2012;28(4):1202–12. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2012.02.004.

Papp LM, Danielewicz J and Cayemberg C. ‘Are We Facebook Official?’ Implications of Dating Partners’ Facebook Use and Profiles for Intimate Relationship Satisfaction. Cyberpsychology, behavior and Social Networking 2012;15(2):85–90. https://doi.org/10.1089/cyber.2011.0291.

Aldrich, James O and Cunningham JB. Using IBM SPSS Statistics: An Interactive Hands-On Approach. 2nd edition. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage Publications, Inc.; 2015, p. 274.

Kwong YH. Digital divide: computer and internet use by elderly people in Hong Kong. Asian Journal of Gerontology and Geriatrics 2015;10(1):5–9. Avaiable from: http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?eid=2-s2.0-84941774814&partnerID=tZOtx3y1.

Sayago S, Sloan D and Blat J. Everyday use of computer-mediated communication tools and its evolution over time: An ethnographical study with older people. Interacting with Computers 2011;23(5):543–54. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.intcom.2011.06.001.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.14236/jhi.v25i3.868

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


This is an open access journal, which means that all content is freely available without charge to the user or their institution. Users are allowed to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of the articles in this journal starting from Volume 21 without asking prior permission from the publisher or the author. This is in accordance with the BOAI definition of open accessFor permission regarding papers published in previous volumes, please contact us.

Privacy statement: The names and email addresses entered in this journal site will be used exclusively for the stated purposes of this journal and will not be made available for any other purpose or to any other party.

Online ISSN 2058-4563 - Print ISSN 2058-4555. Published by BCS, The Chartered Institute for IT